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Dye terminator sequencing has long been the main method for providing sequence data, but it has the disadvantage of being time consuming and expensive when analysing a massive amount of data is planned. A revolution in the sequencing field began at the turning of the 20th century, with sequence by synthesis methods 1) 2) and there are nowadays (as of 2011) many different platforms available for high throughput sequencing. These methods have in common to parallelize the sequencing process, typically producing thousands of short sequencing reads at once. The Wikipedia page on DNA sequencing provides a rich historical review on the subject and many scientific articles describe the differences among the technologies 3) 4) 5) and compare the expected results 6) 7). The high throughput sequencing methods are also called next generation sequencing, second generation sequencing, third generation sequencing or massively parallel sequencing.

High throughput sequencing for genetic diversity studies

A few QCBS members have used one or the other high throughput sequencing methods currently (as of 2011) available. One example, that uses a AFLP-like and a pyrosequencing step with a Genome Sequencer FLX (GS-FLX) System is detailed in a specific page High throughput sequencing at the QCBS of this wiki.

1)
Brenner, S. et al. (2000). Gene expression analysis by massively parallel signature sequencing (MPSS) on microbead arrays. Nature Biotechnology 18, 630-634.
2)
Margulies, M. et al. (2005). Genome Sequencing in Open Microfabricated High Density Picoliter Reactors. Nature 437, 376-380.
3)
Myllykangas, S., Buenrostro, J., and Ji, H. P. (2012). Overview of Sequencing Technology Platforms. In Bioinformatics for High Throughput Sequencing, N. Rodríguez-Ezpeleta, M. Hackenberg, A. M. Aransay, eds. (New York, NY: Springer New York), pp. 11-25.
4)
Glenn, T. C. (2011). Field guide to next‐generation DNA sequencers. Molecular Ecology Resources 11, 759-769.
5)
Morozova, O., Hirst, M., and Marra, M. A. (2009). Applications of New Sequencing Technologies for Transcriptome Analysis. Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics 10, 135-151.
6)
Dames, S., Durtschi, J., Geiersbach, K., Stephens, J., and Voelkerding, K. V. (2010). Comparison of the Illumina Genome Analyzer and Roche 454 GS FLX for resequencing of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy-associated genes. J Biomol Tech 21, 73-80.
7)
Wall, P. K. et al. (2009). Comparison of next generation sequencing technologies for transcriptome characterization. BMC Genomics 10, 347